instructions for patterns

(etsitkö suomenkielistä ohjesivua?)

general tips & instructions for amigurumi patterns

basic circle


basic circle
The basic piece of an amigurumi is a cylinder shape which is sculpted by increasing and decreasing stitches. The cylinder is based on a basic circle.

The basic circle is divisible by 6, in other words there are always 6 increases (or decreases) on one round. The increases form a straight line, so it’s easy to check their positions from the previous round. The basic circle is worked in a continuous spiral, the rounds are not joined. When coming to the end of the round, just continue into the first stitch of the previous round.

Make a magic loop, sc 6. Pull loop closed.
rnd 1: 2 sc in each sc around = 12 sts
rnd 2: 1 sc, 2 sc in next sc, repeat around = 18 sts
rnd 3: 2 sc, 2 sc in next sc, repeat around = 24 sts
rnd 4: 3 sc, 2 sc in next sc, repeat around = 30 sts
rnd 5: 4 sc, 2 sc in next sc, repeat around = 36 sts
rnd 6: 5 sc, 2 sc in next sc, repeat around = 42 sts
rnd 7: 6 sc, 2 sc in next sc, repeat around = 48 sts

Mark the last increase with a stitch marker, a length of yarn or a safety pin, it will ease counting the rows. Due to the helical structure, the last stitches of the rounds without increases are not in a strict vertical line but a bit tilted to the right.


The diameter of a 36 sts (starting rnd + 5 rnds) basic circle is ca. 5 cm (2”) when using a DK weight (20-22sts/10cm(4″)) yarn. A small variation in the gauge is ok, but if the fabric of your amigurumi is much too loose, stuffing it will be difficult (the fabric will pull apart and the stuffing will show between the stitches). Keep your crochet tight and use a smaller hook if needed.


Stuff the pieces tightly, that way your amigurumis will look more vigorous. Note that if you work with wool yarn, your pieces will stretch a bit when stuffed (another reason to keep the crochet tight). A few tablespoons of plastic granulate pellets in the bottom of the body will help your amigurumi stand better.


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links to other resources

Crochet how to: Magic loop
A video about magic loop in YouTube.

A tutorial about making a pompom.

Handsewing stitches
Basic handsewing stitches explained with images.


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7 thoughts on “instructions for patterns

  1. I recently crocheted your penguin pattern.. all went well till it came to do the body in two parts.. following instructions it made two “bags” not pieces to put together.. I have read and reread the pattern and can see no other way to achieve the desired results?? can you please explain the instructions on the body??

  2. to make it clearer.. the patterns states to make two pieces that join together up the sides.. this starts with basic circle of 48 which you decrease as you go round.. from rows 1 to 30.. no way does it look like the pattern explanation of putting the penguin together.. I have all other parts ready to go but am stumped on the body sections.. I thought I could work it out but can see no other way around the instructions given and I am not a beginner at crochet.. I would appreciate your help here so I can finish the little penguin.

  3. I don’t think these instructions aren’t very clear at all especially when it comes to the boy my penguin looks nothing like the picture so please can you make it clearer…

  4. Hi Shannon, please read the discussion on the Penguin pattern page, you may find some answers there.

  5. Im trying to do the hat. What is a k2 p2 patter????? Can you PLEASEEEE send it to me. Can’t find it anywhere. Thank you

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